Standard Pathway Mix
Natural Pathways with Excellent Drainage
Naturally occurring decomposed granite, commonly known as DG, is created as granite is compressed over millions of years and broken down into a combination of sand and gravel. At Kafka Granite we offer naturally occurring decomposed granite screened to size. However, we also crush nearly 40 different colors of solid quarry rock and recycled materials to manufacture essentially the same type of product as naturally occurring DG. Both naturally occurring decomposed granite and crushed stone screenings are completely organic and environmentally safe.
Standard Pathways work great for low traffic walkways, residential driveways, nature paths, dog runs, bike trails, and garden trails.
How It Works
Kafka Granite’s Standard Pathway Mix aggregate is 1/4″ minus with fines. This specific size allows the product to compact well, creating a firmer surface than conventional gravel, while still allowing water to permeate through. If you are considering using decomposed granite or crushed stone screenings for commercial applications or in high traffic areas, Stabilized Pathway Mix or Wax Polymer Pathway Mix may be more suitable for your project requirements.
Standard Pathway Mix
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Check out our other Pathway Materials!
Proper installation and maintenance is critical to the durability and longevity of any pathway, and that all starts with a plan. First, you should decide where you want your path to be. You can do this simply be drawing a crude sketch of your vision and pathway location or even by staking out the path along your intended route. Next you will need to determine how much material is necessary for the project. This is dependent upon a number of factors, including the size of your path, the materials being used for the aggregate, and the intended use of the pathway (pedestrian or vehicular).
The depth of your base material and Kafka’s Standard Pathway Mix is determined by the pathway’s intended use. Your base should utilize 4-6 inches of compacted local DOT-approved road base for pedestrian traffic and 8-12 inches of compacted base material for vehicular traffic. Kafka Granite recommends a minimum 3 inches of compacted Standard Pathway Mix for pedestrian pathways and 4 inches for vehicular use. Use the Pathway Mix Calculator to determine the amount of material to order.
Shipping & Packaging
The product is commonly shipped via bulk end-dump trucks and trailers, with an average truckload of material weighing approximately 23 tons — though the type of material and the size of the truck and trailer will cause this to fluctuate slightly. Less-than-truckload quantities are available in one ton increments, but may be subject to additional set-up fees due to small production runs.
If bulk truckload shipping is not an option, our Pathway Mixes can be packaged in ~3,000-pound super sacks. These 1½-ton bags provide easy transportation via flatbed, van, or LTL common carriers, and also facilitate easier storage and handling on job sites. Optional rain covers are also available. Specialty aggregates that are packaged in super sacks are available in 1 ton minimum orders and may be subject to set-up fees.
Pathway Mix Calculator
Standard Pathway Mix Installation & Maintenance Instructions
The sub-grade or material beneath the Kafka Standard Pathway Mix should be an aggregate base, such as your local DOT approved road base. The compacted sub-grade depth should a minimum of 4 inches for pedestrian traffic and a minimum of 6 inches for vehicular traffic. The aggregate base should be installed in multiple 2-3 inch lifts, and compacted to a minimum of 90%.The finished sub-grade shall be uniform and free of deleterious debris such as organic materials, nails, stones, and loose soil. Prior to placement of the Kafka Standard Pathway Mix, presoak all areas of application.
Depending on preferences, weed barrier or filter fabric may be installed after the sub-grade. Weed barrier is optional, but not required.
Curbing and Edging
The use of curbing or edging is optional, but not required. If utilized, compacted Kafka Standard Pathway Mix should not exceed the top of the curbing or edging.
Spread Kafka Standard Pathway Mix as desired to achieve a uniform smooth finish. The final compacted depth should be a minimum of 3 inches for pedestrian traffic and a minimum of 4 inches for vehicular traffic. If installing more than 3 inches, install in 2-3 inch lifts.
Wet the Kafka Standard Pathway Mix to ensure the water has penetraded the full depth of the material. The material should be damp, but not muddy.
Once pathway allows, compact with a one to three ton roller or vibratory plate compactor. In small areas that are difficult to access, hand tamping can be done, with multiple passes required. Check for low areas, add additional material as needed, water, and compact.
Maintenance and Repairs
Note that the Kafka Standard Pathway should be firm, but loose aggregate will appear on the surface as time passes for a natural look and feel. If the loose material on the surface is excessive, water the surface and re-compact as needed. Additional material can be spread, watered, and compacted as needed.
If you find yourself in need of decomposed granite or crushed granite, you’ll want to ensure that you’re getting the best possible product for your project. Each of Kafka’s pathway products must meet certain specifications, the most important of which has to do with gradation. A sieve analysis is used to guarantee that every shipment of product contains the right proportions of stone sizes. For instance, the specifications for one pathway mix might require that 80 percent of the stones in a mix be smaller than 3/16 inch, 65 percent be smaller than ⅛ inch, and so on.
If you choose a product that does not meet specifications or other quality standards, you run the risk of installing a low-quality product. Pathway mixes that don’t contain the proper gradation, for example, may wind up failing because they do not compact properly, or the binder doesn’t adhere to the stone properly. When in doubt, be sure that your DG provider can provide an extensive overview of a product’s specifications, including sieve analysis, ADA compliance report (if applicable), and installation and maintenance instructions.
There are several ways in which decomposed granite can contribute to your LEED (Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design) and/or SITES certification efforts. By earning points to be LEED/SITES certified, your project can reach varying levels of sustainability. Striving to build a green, eco-friendly project will benefit the environment for years to come.
LEED/SITES certification points can be acquired through using decomposed granite in the following ways:
- Compacted decomposed granite is a permeable material. Permeable surfaces lend themselves to aiding the soil and returning water to the water table. Permeable surfaces are also beneficial in that they won’t collect water and develop standing pools, which could lead to pests or other detrimental side effects.
- Depending on where the granite comes from for your specific project, using a locally produced decomposed granite could earn you regional priority LEED certification points.
- Since decomposed granite is a natural product, as well as organic stabilizers which can be used in conjunction with decomposed granite, LEED points can be earned for using this naturally occurring and abundant decorative material.
- Since Kafka has the ability to crush recycled materials for use as decomposed granite, using Recycled Porcelain or Recycled Copper Slag, the recycled content can contribute to achieving LEED certifcation.
Contact us today for additional information on our Standard Pathway Mix.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is Kafka’s standard pathway mix?
Decomposed granite (DG) is a naturally occurring material. As granite is compressed over millions of years, it’s broken down into a combination of sand and gravel. Kafka Granite has the capabilities to screen the decomposed granite and offer it in very specific sizes as many projects call for precisely sized granite particles.
In addition to being able to screen several colors of decomposed granite to sizes, Kafka has the ability to crush and screen over 50 different colors of solid quarry rock and recycled materials (such as porcelain and fire brick) to size, to mimic the qualities of naturally decomposed granite.
Kafka’s standard decomposed granite and crushed stone pathways perform better than conventional gravel pathways as they create a firmer surface while remaining natural and allowing water to permeate through.
Why would I want standard pathway mix?
Standard pathway mix is an all-natural solution to your pathway needs. Whether you choose to use naturally occurring decomposed granite or our crushed stone screenings, rest assured that both are completely organic and environmentally safe.
Our standard pathways are able to complement the most natural of environments or match nearly any design aesthetic with our array of over 50 different colors.
Can Standard Pathway help me achieve credits for LEED Certification?
Kafka’s standard mix pathways are natural aggregate surfaces, and using them in your construction or design project could gain you points toward LEED (Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design) certification. Kafka also recycles materials such as porcelain, firebrick and slag for use in place of natural stone pathways in order to add recycled content to your project.
All of our granite, quartz and marble pathway materials are a natural material and is less obtrusive than asphalt and cement. It is a permeable pathway solution, which makes it a green pathway option and will aid the soil and water flow wherever installed. Water will be less likely to pool up and more likely to disperse back into the water table.
Where can I use standard pathway mix?
Standard pathway mix is ideal for use in low-traffic walkways, residential driveways, nature paths, dog runs, bike trails and garden trails. It is strongly recommended that instead of standard pathway mix, Kafka’s stabilized pathway mix is used for high-traffic projects.
How do I install a standard pathway?
1. Prep. The sub-grade below a standard pathway should be an aggregate. The compacted base depth should be a minimum of 4” for pedestrian traffic and 6” for vehicular traffic. The sub-grade should be checked for uniformity and should be free of any debris, nails, stones, loose soil, etc. Presoak all areas of application before installing pathway.
2. Weeding. To prevent weeds from growing through your new pathway, consider installing a weed barrier or filter fabric on top of the sub-grade. This step is optional.
3. Edging. Place your desired edging or curbing (optional). Make sure the standard pathway mix doesn’t exceed the top of the edging/curbing and spill over it.
4. Spreading. Try to spread the standard pathway mix as evenly and smoothly as possible. The final compacted depth should be a minimum of 3” for pedestrian traffic and 4” for vehicular traffic (if installing more than 3”, install pathway in 2”–3” lifts).
5. Water. Water the newly spread pathway until it has been penetrated the full depth of the material. Be sure not to overwater and create a muddy path.
6. Compact. Using a one- to three-ton roller or vibratory plate compactor, compact the pathway. Where space is tight and doesn’t allow for a roller or plate compactor, hand tamping can be done with multiple passes. Once compacted, check for dips and uneven areas, adding aggregate and compacting as needed.
How do I maintain a standard pathway?
As time passes, your standard mix pathway will remain firm, but loose aggregate will appear on the surface. This creates a natural look and feel, however if the loose aggregate becomes excessive, you can always water the surface and recompact as needed.
If ever low or uneven areas should occur, simply add material, water and compact. Checking for uneven areas and performing this maintenance will keep your path firm, stable and beautiful for years to come.
Why Kafka Granite’s standard pathways?
Kafka Granite’s standard pathway mix offers many benefits to your pathway projects. We crush standard pathway mix to the ideal size to allow for perfect compaction that creates a firm, stable surface that is still loose enough to allow water to permeate through.
Along with the beneficial permeability of Kafka’s standard pathway mix, we have roughly 50 available colors to match any aesthetic for your project. The quality of Kafka Granite’s standard pathway mix is always apparent. Our quality assurance standards ensure our products are consistent and of high quality to make for the best finished project possible.